Shri Vijayalakshmi Vidhyalayaa International school

Affiliated to ICSE, New Delhi. School Code - TN 103

Read aloud; try to speak more clearly, improving pronunciation, tempo and modulation.

I try to protect colleagues from the influence of negative phenomena: tactlessness, intolerance, etc.

10. I can evaluate the organization of their work.

I follow the rules of the internal work schedule of the school.

I travel my time and the time of students.

Optimally, without disturbing others, I organize my workplace and my work.

I follow safety precautions during classes, comply with sanitary and hygienic requirements, and am personally responsible for preserving the lives and health of children.

Author V. Babenko


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Lesson plan-summary, the purpose of which is to acquaint with the writers of this period, to show their creative way and contribution to the development of literature and art, to develop students’ ability to compare, find common ground, draw conclusions; to broaden the horizons, to cultivate patriotic feelings for Ukraine

Development of the lesson “Through the eyes of the heart. Writers of the” Shot Renaissance “of the 20s – 40s” on Ukrainian literature in the 11th grade

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Author: Rudnevska Alla Petrovna Position: teacher of Ukrainian language and literature.

The material is posted as part of the Forum of pedagogical ideas “LESSON”

It is strictly forbidden to use this material on other Internet portals and in the media, as well as to distribute, translate, copy in any way without the written permission of the educational portal

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Certification: the last point or how to pass the certification

I want to vividly present my experience, defend the author’s concept or lesson development – and in my eyes the fog, my throat is dry, and the best phrases of a speech prepared at home come to mind after the interview … Familiar situation? ..

We hope that the following tips from a psychologist will be useful to you.

Is your voice well set?

Think for a minute or two about your voice. If you are puzzled by some of the following issues in a situation where “you have to stand up and say something,” you will have to take conscious steps to improve your voice.

You say something, but you feel awkward hearing a “foreign” voice, higher than your natural tone, which you usually speak. You are an adult, but your voice seems childish. When you are called home, you are often asked to call “your father” (“your mother”). People around you ask to speak louder, although there is a small group of people around you and there is no one who could not hear. In your speech, you often use “word-parasites” such as: yes, right, you know, and so on. When you speak into a microphone, your voice is muffled. After 15-20 minutes of performance you have tired vocal cords and a sore throat. You have a strong regional accent that not everyone understands; you are often told, “Excuse me, what did you say?” At the end of the phrase, you raise your voice as if asking a question, when in fact you are just reporting something. Your voice sounds authoritative. You don’t like the sound of your voice.

Work with your voice!

A monotonous or weak voice is not given to you by fate for life. You can change it.

Your voice is influenced mainly by the peculiarities of childhood – how and where you grew up, where your parents came from, what school you attended, what peers you talked to. As an adult, other circumstances affect you – how much you travel, the manner in which your colleagues speak, the television and radio programs you watch and listen to, the voice of your close friend.

Before you find the number of a voice specialist in the phone book and call him, try to improve your voice on your own, at no extra cost. Start like this:

Ask your friends and close colleagues what they like about your voice and what annoys them. If your question confuses them, say what meaning you would like to add to your voice: clarity, juiciness, authority, friendship, intelligence, naturalness, competence. Ask if they think some of these qualities are inherent in your voice. Try to contact your boss. Ask him to evaluate your voice and its impact on others (perhaps you will earn his approval for working on yourself). Read aloud; try to speak more clearly, improving pronunciation, tempo and modulation. You do not need an audience for this, it is enough if you are listened to by someone who sincerely sympathizes with your purpose. Read to children. These are the most sincere listeners. If you have their attention, then you read well. If they become restless and stop listening to you – you have not coped with the task. Ask them if they like listening to you and why. (To increase your chances, choose a good plot, preferably something terrible.) Record a three-minute speech on a tape recorder. Imagine giving an interview on a topic you can talk about without preparation, such as a morning commute to work; what did you like about the movie; describe your favorite restaurant. Analyze each such “speech” and try to improve the performance of the task next time, taking into account what conclusions you have drawn from the previous one.

Do not destroy the record. Save it to watch your progress.

On the eve

When preparing to speak before the attestation commission, pay attention to the following points:


While you wait for your performance, you start to produce adrenaline. He is to blame for your stress.

Try to do gymnastics the night before or better early in the morning before the certification (run, swim or ride a bike). Exercises should include elements of aerobics and some stretching exercises. A few minutes before the performance vigorously walk up the stairs, corridor. Quick movements before the performance will disperse the adrenaline on the body and relieve paralyzing muscle tension. But especially do not try not to suffocate later.

And now breathe!

Of course, we do it all our lives, but now imagine a situation where you have to speak somewhere or talk about something in front of an audience. Then he breathes with difficulty, as if “catching his breath.” If you do not breathe naturally and normally, you will never perform well.

By breathing, the blood is supplied with oxygen. It, in turn, saturates the brain, which in these minutes should be completely focused on your performance. Unfortunately, the oxygen that fills you up during a morning jog or brisk walk before a performance can’t be put off. But you must ensure that it enters your body and brain if you want to successfully present yourself to the public.

When nervousness completely overwhelms you, you begin to breathe “finely”, only the upper part of the lungs. Such breathing is exhausting, forcing you to inhale and exhale while speaking and raise your voice an octave higher, which is not desirable for anyone. Try the following exercises:

First of all, determine the center of the body. While standing, distribute your body weight evenly on both legs. Straighten up and allow your vocal cords to work in harmony with your diaphragm and lungs. Breathe deeply and slowly. First, fill the lower part of the lungs – while the abdomen expands. To keep the diaphragm at full power, do not wear too tight a strap. Allow air to pass freely from the lower to the middle and then to the upper part of the lungs. You should first feel the air literally tearing from your chest through your throat to the outside, and only then start talking. As you begin to speak, breathe evenly and freely. Inhale and start talking only during exhalation. Your voice will be deeper and the sound more controlled. If you start talking at the beginning or middle of the breath, the sound will be bad and you will start to choke. This is especially important when you have to answer questions. Waiting for an exhalation – no more than two or three seconds for a natural pause, but the sound that comes out is worth the wait – it is much cleaner and more convincing.

“Lubricate” the vocal cords!

Before the performance, do not drink hot stimulating drinks – tea, coffee. Effervescent drinks, as well as cold, will also not benefit. It is better to soften the vocal cords with warm water with a slice of lemon or drink clean standing water at room temperature.

If your throat dries up during the speech and there is no water at hand, take a minute break under the pretext that you want to look, say, in your notes, and at this point lightly bite your tongue. This causes salivation and helps to “lubricate” the throat. But this is, of course, a coercive decision. You are responsible for the success of your performance, so never start it before you make sure you have a glass of water on hand.


Once again, we advise you to pay attention to what you need to wear. Something traditional is needed. There should be nothing flashy in your appearance. Choose a darker suit, but so that you look fresh and interesting, put on a simple blouse. Beautiful necklaces and solid earrings will suit as accessories.

Check how the suit fits you with your jacket buttoned up, because at a formal presentation it has to be buttoned up.

The hair should be combed so as not to distract you every minute. It is very important that the clothes are comfortable. If you have a “successful” suit – feel free to wear it. There is no mystique here. Your body is used to “winning” in these clothes, and it will calm you down, on an unconscious level you will believe in success, and this is very important.

Your gestures, demeanor, and voice should be as compelling as your words. Avoid protective movements: do not put your hands behind your back, do not “hug yourself”, do not cross your arms over your chest – all these are defensive gestures and express your uncertainty in what you say.

There must be openness in your gestures. If you notice something, keep one hand on your thigh or move your hands naturally, turning your palms up. Do not use instructive gestures: raised index finger to strengthen the argument or – sitting – hands with folded “house” fingers (this is considered a sign of pride).